It’s no actual coin, it’s “cryptocurrency,” an electronic form of payment that’s produced (“mined”) by lots of people worldwide. It allows peer-to-peer transactions instantly, worldwide, free of charge or at suprisingly low cost.
Bitcoin was invented after decades of research into cryptography by software developer, Satoshi Nakamoto (thought to be a pseudonym), who designed the algorithm and introduced it in 2009 2009. His true identity remains a mystery.
This currency isn’t backed by a tangible commodity (such as for example gold or silver); bitcoins are traded online making them a commodity in themselves.
Bitcoin is an open-source product, accessible by anyone who’s a user. All you have to is an email address, Access to the internet, and money to begin with.
Where does it result from?
Bitcoin is mined on a distributed computer network of users running specialized software; the network solves certain mathematical proofs, and looks for a particular data sequence (“block”) that produces a specific pattern once the BTC algorithm is put on it. A match produces a bitcoin. It’s complex and time- and energy-consuming.
Only 21 million bitcoins are ever to be mined (about 11 million are currently in circulation). The math problems the network computers solve get progressively more difficult to keep the mining operations and offer in check.
This network also validates all the transactions through cryptography.
How does Bitcoin work?
Internet users transfer digital assets (bits) to each other on a network. There is no online bank; rather, Bitcoin has been referred to as an Internet-wide distributed ledger. Users buy Bitcoin with cash or by selling something or service for Bitcoin. Bitcoin wallets store and use this digital currency. Users may sell out of this virtual ledger by trading their Bitcoin to someone else who wants in. Anyone can perform this, all over the world.
You can find smartphone apps for conducting mobile Bitcoin transactions and Bitcoin exchanges are populating the Internet.
How is Bitcoin valued?
Bitcoin is not held or controlled by a financial institution; it really is completely decentralized. Unlike real-world money it cannot be devalued by governments or banks.
bitcoin wallet paper Instead, Bitcoin’s value lies simply in its acceptance between users as a form of payment and because its supply is finite. Its global currency values fluctuate according to supply and demand and market speculation; as more people create wallets and hold and spend bitcoins, and much more businesses accept it, Bitcoin’s value will rise. Banks are actually trying to value Bitcoin and some investment websites predict the cost of a bitcoin will be thousands of dollars in 2014.
What are its benefits?
There are benefits to consumers and merchants that are looking to utilize this payment option.
1. Fast transactions – Bitcoin is transferred instantly over the Internet.
2. No fees/low fees — Unlike bank cards, Bitcoin can be used for free or very low fees. Minus the centralized institution as middle man, you can find no authorizations (and fees) required. This improves income sales.
3. Eliminates fraud risk -Only the Bitcoin owner can send payment to the intended recipient, who is the only one who can receive it. The network knows the transfer has occurred and transactions are validated; they cannot be challenged or taken back. That is big for online merchants who are often subject to charge card processors’ assessments of if a transaction is fraudulent, or businesses that pay the high price of credit card chargebacks.
4. Data is secure — As we have observed with recent hacks on national retailers’ payment processing systems, the Internet is not always a secure place for private data. With Bitcoin, users do not give up private information.
a. They will have two keys – a public key that serves as the bitcoin address and a private key with personal data.
b. Transactions are “signed” digitally by combining the public and private keys; a mathematical function is applied and a certificate is generated proving the user initiated the transaction. Digital signatures are unique to each transaction and cannot be re-used.
c. The merchant/recipient never sees your secret information (name, number, physical address) so it is somewhat anonymous nonetheless it is traceable (to the bitcoin address on the public key).
5. Convenient payment system — Merchants can use Bitcoin entirely as a payment system; they do not have to hold any Bitcoin currency since Bitcoin can be changed into dollars. Consumers or merchants can trade in and out of Bitcoin and other currencies at any time.
6. International payments – Bitcoin can be used around the world; e-commerce merchants and providers can simply accept international payments, which start new potential marketplaces for them.
7. Easy to track — The network tracks and permanently logs every transaction in the Bitcoin block chain (the database). Regarding possible wrongdoing, it really is easier for law enforcement officials to trace these transactions.
8. Micropayments are possible – Bitcoins could be divided down to one one-hundred-millionth, so running small payments of a dollar or less becomes a free of charge or near-free transaction. This may be a genuine boon for convenience stores, coffee shops, and subscription-based websites (videos, publications).